Role of physical activity, movement, exercise and sports in prevention, rehabilitation and therapy

EPH slika 1 300x152Sedentary lifestyle, physical inactivity ,and „screen time“ are among the three most significant risk factors for diseases, especially for cardiovascular diseases. Further, they are risk factors for metabolic, neuropsychiatric, oncological and other diseases (Table 1). According to actual surveys, only 41 to 59 % of the population are physically active (Figure 1-4), with more active people in the northern countries of Europe and with low activity in southern and eastern countries. For example, 51 % (men) and 49.5 % (women) are active once a week, but only 25.4% (men) and 15.5% (women) perform regular activity (150 min a week) in Germany